488
INDEX
Urinary tract infection
in hyperparathyroidism, 453-454
in sickle cell crisis, 10
Urine
in diabetes insipidus, 418
in hemolytic anemia, 210
in phenylketonuria, 348
in rhabdomyolysis, 189-190
Uroporphyrinogen, 402
Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase
(UROD), 401, 402-403
Uroporphyrinogen I, 403/
Uroporphyrinogen I synthase, 401
Uroporphyrinogen III, 403
/
Uroporphyrinogen III cosynthase,
401, 402
Ursodeoxycholic acid, 305, 306, 306/
V
Vaccine, for influenza, 18
Valine, 13, 376, 378t
Van der Waals forces, protein structure
and, 12
Variable number of tandem repeats
(VNTR) analysis, 61-62
Variegate porphyria, 400,
404t,
405
Vasopressin, 418-420
Vasopressin receptors, 420
Vegetarian diet, 375-381
Vertigo, in megaloblastic anemia, 384
Very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL),
274-277, 276t, 316, 321-323,
322/,
323/
Viruses
herpes simplex virus, 55-63
human immunodeficiency virus,
45-53,
49/,
49t
influenza, 17-23
Vitamin B1.
See
Thiamine
Vitamin B6, 182
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin)
absorption, transport, and storage,
386-387, 386/
deficiency, 37, 43, 383-385, 387
in fatty acid and amino acid
metabolism, 388, 388/
in folate metabolism, 387, 387/
structure, 385-386, 385/
Vitamin C deficiency, 43
Vitamin D, 68, 313, 315/ 455
Vitamin K deficiency, 306
VNTR (variable number of tandem
repeats) analysis, 61-62
Vomiting
in acetaminophen overdose, 366
in acute fatty liver of pregnancy,
180, 181
in cyanide poisoning, 147-148
in fructose intolerance, 217-218
in pancreatitis, 172
in porphyria, 399-400
in septic shock, 131-132
Vulvar ulcer, herpes simplex virus and,
55-56
W
Water intoxication, 418
Weakness
in Addison disease, 435-436
in hypothyroidism, 409-410
in megaloblastic anemia, 384
in rhabdomyolysis, 189-190
Weight loss
in hyperthyroidism, 66
in megaloblastic anemia, 384
Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome,
139-140
Western blot, 51-52, 77, 79
Wilson disease, 340
X
Xanthine oxidase, 393,
394/,
395
Xanthomas, in hypertriglyceridemia,
320, 324
Xeroderma pigmentosum, 22
Xylose, 226, 228
Xylulose 5-phosphate, 143
Z
Zidovudine, 50
Zinc fingers, 414
Zymogen, 173
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