INDEX
487
Thymine, 19,
271
Thyroglobulin, 72
Thyroid gland
hyperthyroidism and, 65-73
hypothyroidism and, 409-416
Thyroid hormone(s), 68, 71-73
biosynthesis, 411-412, 413/
functions, 412-414
in hyperthyroidism, 66
in hypothyroidism, 409-410
structure, 411, 412/
Thyroid hormone receptor (THR), 71
Thyroid peroxidase, 71-72, 411
Thyroid response elements, 410, 414
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH),
70, 411
Thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin
(TSIg), 71
Thyroid storm, 66
Thyronine (T3).
See
Triiodothyronine
Thyrotropin, 68
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH),
68, 70, 411
Thyroxine (T4), 66, 71-72, 410, 411
Tick bite, Lyme disease and, 84
Tongue, in megaloblastic anemia, 384
Topoisomerases, 94-101
Transaminase, 341, 358
Transamination, 358
Transcortin, 448
Transcription, 47
DNA, 19-20
in thalassemia, 115
Transducer protein, 67
Transducin,
70t
Transfer RNA (tRNA), 48, 85
Transketolase, 143-144, 143
/
Translation, 47
Translocation, 86, 106
Transposons, 113
Tremor, in hyperthyroidism, 66
Triacylglycerides, 275
Triacylglycerols.
See
Triglycerides
Tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle,
133-138, 134/
acetyl coenzyme A oxidation and,
191-192
blood ammonia levels and, 344
in fasting state, 329-333, 331-333/
in fed state, 329, 330/
malignant hyperthermia and, 166
in starvation, 333-335, 334/
Triglycerides (triacylglycerols), 305,
321, 328, 329, 334-335
Triiodothyronine (T3), 71, 411
Trinucleotide repeat expansion, 123
Triokinase, 220, 220
/
Triosephosphate isomerase, 246,
246/,
250/
TRNA.
See
Transfer RNA
Tropical sprue, 384
Troponin I, 245
Trypsin, 173
Tryptophan, 360-361, 376,
378t
TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone),
70, 411
Tumor suppressor genes, 105, 106
Type I/II diabetes.
See
Diabetes
mellitus
Type III glycogen storage disease,
187
Tyrosine, 348, 351,
351/,
377
Tyrosine hydroxylase, 351, 351/
Tyrosine kinase, 426
Tyrosyl, 72
U
Ubiquinone (coenzyme Q), 149, 150,
153, 245, 248
Ubiquinone, 150
UDP-glucoronate, 267, 367-368, 367/
UDP-glucose,
182/,
183
UDP-glucuronyl transferase, 367
UDP-A-acetylglucosamine, 267
Ulcer, NSAID-associated, 293-295
Ultraviolet light, in vitamin
D synthesis, 313
Uncoupling proteins, 166
Uracil, 19, 27
t
Urate crystals, 392, 395
Urea cycle, 341-344, 343/
Uric acid, 393
in fructose intolerance, 221, 221/
gout and, 391-397
Uridine, 21/
Uridylate, 30, 30/
Uridylyltransferase,
182/,
183
Urinary frequency, in diabetes, 198
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