INDEX
485
Receptor, 5, 67
Receptor-mediated endocytosis, 277
Recombinant DNA technology, 80-81
Recombination, 105
Red blood cells
energy sources, 329
erythropoiesis and, 113
glucose metabolism, 211-213, 212/
in hemolytic anemia, 209-214
Red lips, in carbon monoxide
poisoning, 157-158
Reduction potential, 149
Release factor (RF), 48
Renal failure
in acute fatty liver in pregnancy, 180
in rhabdomyolysis, 190
Renal stones, in hyperparathyroidism,
453-454
Renin, 419, 420
Respiratory acidosis, in malignant
hyperthermia, 164
Respiratory chain sites,
152t
Respiratory failure, in cystic fibrosis,
80
Restriction enzymes, 57, 60
Retinoblastoma, 108
Retrovirus, 47
Rev protein, 50
Reverse-transcriptase enzyme, 48
Reverse transcription, 47,
47/,
48-49,
49
t
Rhabdomyolysis, 189-196, 312
Rhamnose, 226
Rhodanese, 153
Ribavirin, 18-23,
20/,
21/
Ribonucleic acid.
See
RNA
Ribose, 27
t
Ribose 5-phosphate, 143
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA), 87
Ribosomes, 85
Ritonavir, 50
RNA (ribonucleic acid)
cA-response elements, 68
Northern blot and, 77, 79
polymerase, 20
structure, 19
synthesis, 47
/,
48
translation, 85
RNase, 173
Rofecoxib, 299
Rotenone,
152t,
153
Ryanodine receptor, 165
S
S-adenosyl homocysteine (SAH),
38-39
S-adenosyl methionine (SAM), 37, 38
S phase, cell cycle, 28, 28/
Sanfilippo syndrome, 263-264, 268/
Sanger dideoxynucleotide method,
DNA sequencing, 79-80
Saquinavir, 50
Sarcoplasmic reticulum, calcium
release from, 165-166, 165/
Scaffold, 99
Scheie syndrome, 268/
Schiff base, 358
Scurvy, 43
Second messenger, 67
Secondary bile acids, 285, 304
Secondary hyperparathyroidism, 458
Secondary protein structure, 11-12
Sedoheptulose 7-phosphate, 143
Seizure, in malignant hyperthermia,
164
Septic shock, 131-132
Serine, 29, 255,
256/, 378t
Serine/threonine protein kinases, 29
Serotonin, 68, 360
SGLT1 (glucose transporter), 219
SGLT2 (glucose transporter), 219
Shine-Dalgarno polypurine hexamer,
87, 87
t
Shock, septic, 131-132
Sialic acid, 254, 255
Sickle cell disease, 9-15, 124
Silent mutation, 123, 124, 124t
Simvastatin, 315
Skeletal muscle.
See
Muscle
Skin lesions
in fragile X syndrome, 122
in Lyme disease, 84
Skin rash, methotrexate and, 31
Sly syndrome, 268/
Sodium nitroprusside, cyanide
poisoning from, 147-148
Soluble fibers, 227
Somatomedin C, 425
previous page 499 Case Files   Biochemistry read online next page 501 Case Files   Biochemistry read online Home Toggle text on/off