INDEX
483
Paresthesia, in megaloblastic anemia,
384
PCR (polymerase chain reaction)
for DNA sequencing, 80
in herpes simplex virus infection,
55-63
in thalassemia, 115-116
PCR allele-specific oligonucleotide
assay, 116
PCR restriction enzyme analysis, 116
Pectins, 227, 229
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID),
93-100
Penicillins, for Lyme disease, 84
Pentose phosphate pathway, 143-144,
143/ 211, 212/
Peptide bond, 86
Peptide hormones, 68
Peripheral neuropathy, in porphyria,
399-400
Peroxisome proliferator-activated
receptors (PPARs), 296
PGHS (prostaglandin H synthase), 294,
296-297, 298
/
Phase I drug metabolism, 367
Phase II drug metabolism, 367
Phenolsulfotransferase, 369
Phenylalanine, 348-353, 349-350/)
376, 378,
378t,
379
Phenylalanine hydroxylase, 348,
350, 350/) 376, 379
Phenylketones, 377
Phenylketonuria (PKU), 347-353,
349-351/) 377, 379
Phenylpyruvate, 349, 349
/
Phosphate, in fructose intolerance,
221
Phosphate groups, DNA, 19
Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-biphosphate
(PIP2), 70
Phosphatidylinositol signaling
pathway, 431
5’-Phosphoadenosine 3’-phosphosulfate
(PAPS), 369, 369
/
Phosphodiester linkage, 19
Phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP), 192,
193/) 202/) 246/) 250/
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase
(PEPCK), 448
Phosphofructokinase, 135, 193
/)
202,
202
/
in glycolytic pathway, 246
/)
250
/
Phosphoglucomutase, 182/) 183
3-Phosphoglyceraldehyde
dehydrogenase, 246/) 250/
Phosphoglycerate, 246/) 250/
Phosphoglycerate kinase, 246/) 250/
Phosphoglyceromutase, 246/) 250/
Phosphoinositide cascade, 420,
455, 456/
Phospholipase C (PLC), 70, 456
/
5-Phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate
(PRPP), 395
Phosphorylase, 181, 182, 182/) 185
Phosphorylase b, 185
Phosphorylase kinase, 166, 183, 185
PID (pelvic inflammatory disease),
93-100
Piericidin A, 152
t
Pituitary
adenoma, 449
menopause and, 433
puberty and, 431
vasopressin and, 418, 419
PKU (phenylketonuria), 347-353,
349-351/) 377, 379
Plant gums, 226, 229
Point mutations, 114, 115, 122-123
Poisoning
acetaminophen, 365-366
carbon monoxide, 157-160
cyanide, 147-148, 152-153, 153/
Pol
gene, 50
Polyacrylamide gel, 78
Polydipsia, in diabetes, 198
Polymerase, 19, 20
Polymerase chain reaction.
See
PCR
Polynucleosomes, 98
Polypeptide hormones, 68
Polyphagia, in diabetes, 198
Polysaccharides, 219, 226-231
Porphobilinogen, 402, 403
/
Porphobilinogen deaminase (PBGD),
401, 402
Porphyria(s), 399-408, 404
t
Porphyria cutanea tarda, 404
t)
405
Positive nitrogen balance, 357
Posterior pituitary.
See
Pituitary
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