480
INDEX
Linker region, 98, 98/
Lipase, 173-174
Lipemia retinalis, in
hypertriglyceridemia, 320, 324
Lipoamide, 142
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL), 320, 321,
322/,
324
Lipoproteins, 275-277, 276t
Liposomes, 81
Lithocholic acid, 286/
Liver
acetaminophen overdose and, 370
acute fatty, in pregnancy, 179-181,
185
bile salt synthesis in, 285-289, 286/
cholesterol synthesis in, 275
failure, in fructose intolerance,
217-218
in fed state, 329, 330/
glucose metabolism in, 181-185,
182/, 184/,
203-204,
203/,
235-238, 236/
in postfeeding fast, 329-333,
331-332/
in starvation, 333-335, 334/
Locus control region, 113
Long chain 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A
dehydrogenase (LCHAD),
180, 185
Long terminal repeat (LTR),
of HIV, 50
Lovastatin.
See
HMG-CoA reductase
inhibitors
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL),
274-278,
276t,
316, 322-323,
323
/
Luteinizing hormone (LH), 431-433
Lyme disease, 83-91
Lymphadenopathy, in Lyme
disease, 84
Lymphocytes, 360
Lysine, 376, 378
t
Lysosomal storage disorders, 255,
257-259, 259t
M
M phase, cell cycle.
See
Mitosis
Macrocytic anemia, 35-43
Macrolide antibiotics, 88
Malaise
in acute fatty liver of pregnancy,
180, 181
in cirrhosis, 340
in folic acid deficiency, 35-36
Malate, 135, 192, 193/
Malate-aspartate shuttle, 135, 244-252,
248/
Malate dehydrogenase,
134/,
135, 192
Malignant hyperthermia, 163-167,
165/
Malnutrition, 327-337, 330-334/
Maltose, 219, 228, 228/
Mannose, 226, 228
Marasmus, 328
Marathon running, rhabdomyolysis
and, 189-196
MCAD (medium chain acyl-coenzyme
A dehydrogenase), 185
McArdle disease, 187
Medium chain acyl-coenzyme A
dehydrogenase (MCAD), 185
Megaloblastic anemia, 33, 37, 383-384
Melanocyte(s), 351, 351/
a-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone
(MSH), 437
Melatonin, 360
Menopause, 429-434
Mental retardation
in fragile X syndrome, 121-128
in Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, 395
in phenylketonuria, 348, 349
in Sanfilippo syndrome, 263-264
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
synthesis, 47, 47/
thyroid hormone receptors and, 414
translation, 47, 48
Metabolic acidosis
in cyanide poisoning, 148
in septic shock, 131-132
Metabolism
aerobic and anaerobic, 132-136,
134/,
136/
carbohydrates.
See
Carbohydrates,
metabolism
cortisol in, 448
in fed state, 329, 330/
glucose.
See
Glucose metabolism
growth hormone and, 425
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