INDEX
479
Infertility, in anorexia nervosa, 356
Influenza, 17-23
Inhibin, 431
Inhibitor 1, 183, 184/; 185
Initiating factor (IF), 48
Initiation factor, 85, 86
Inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3), 70,
420, 455
Insertion, 123, 126
Insoluble fibers, 227
Insulin, 199
in diabetes mellitus, 199-205,
200-204/,
238
glycogen mobilization and, 185, 238
growth hormone and, 425
pancreas and, 173
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1),
425-426
Insulin receptors, 200
Insulin resistance, 204-205, 204/
Integrase, 49, 49/
Intercalated duct, 173
Intermediate density lipoprotein, 276,
276t,
322
Introns, 47, 48
Iodine
deficiency, 411
thyroid hormones and, 72, 411
Iron deficiency anemia, 112
Iron sulfur center, 151
Iron sulfur proteins, 149-150
Irritable bowel syndrome, 225-231
Islets of Langerhans, 173
Isocitrate, 133, 134/
Isocitrate dehydrogenase, 133
Isoleucine, 376, 378
t
Isopentenyl pyrophosphate, 313, 314/
Isoprenoid, 313
Itching
in cholestasis of pregnancy, 303-304
methotrexate and, 31
J
JAK2 (janus kinase 2), 425, 426
Jaundice
in acute fatty liver of pregnancy,
180, 181
in cholestasis of pregnancy, 304
in cirrhosis, 340
in gallstone disease, 284
in hemolytic anemia, 209-210
“Jumping genes,” 113
K
Kanamycin, 88
Keratin sulfate I and II,
266t
Ketoacidosis, 234
Ketogenesis, 235
Ketone bodies, 199, 235, 328,
334-335, 334/
Kidney.
See also
Renal failure
in calcium regulation, 457
stones, in hyperparathyroidism, 454
vasopressin and, 419-420
Krebs cycle.
See
Tricarboxylic acid
(TCA) cycle
Kwashiorkor, 328
L
Lactate, 135-136, 136/
in anaerobic glycolysis, 250
/
in ischemia, 249
in malignant hyperthermia, 166
rhabdomyolysis and, 189-196
Lactate dehydrogenase, 135,
136/,
193/,
250/
Lactic acid dehydrogenase, 245
Lactic acidemia, 194
Lactic acidosis, 135
Lactose, 219
Lamivudine, 50
Lanugo hair, in anorexia nervosa, 356
LCHAD (long chain 3-hydroxyacyl-
coenzyme A dehydrogenase),
180, 185
Lecithin-cholesterol acyl transferase
(LCAT), 275
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, 393, 395
Lethargy
in cirrhosis, 340
in fructose intolerance, 217-218
Leucine, 361, 376,
378t
Leucovorin, 33
Leukotrienes, 295
LH (luteinizing hormone), 431-433
Lignins, 227, 228-229, 229
/
Limit dextrins, 219
Lincosamides, 88
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