476
INDEX
Glucocorticoids, 313, 314/
Glucokinase, 193/
Gluconeogenesis, 191, 193/ 203-204,
203/
in hypoglycemic state, 235-236,
236/
hypoxemia and, 192
in postfeeding state, 330-333,
331-332/
in starvation, 333-335, 334/
Glucose.
See also
Glucose metabolism
diabetes mellitus and, 197-207,
200-204
/
fructose intolerance and, 219-221
Somogyi effect and, 233-240, 236/
Glucose 1-phosphate,
182/,
183,
202/
Glucose 6-phosphatase,
193/,
448
Glucose 6-phosphate,
182/,
183, 235,
246/,
250/
Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase,
211
Glucose 6-phosphate isomerase, 211,
246/,
250/
Glucose metabolism
in fed state, 329, 330/
in liver, 181-185,
182/,
184/
in postfeeding fast, 329-333,
331-333/
by red blood cells, 211-213, 212/
regulation, 199-205, 200-204
/
in starvation, 333-335, 334/
thiamine deficiency and, 144
Glucuronic acid, 367
GLUT 1 (glucose transporter),
200-201
GLUT 2 (glucose transporter), 180,
181, 201, 220, 234
GLUT 4 (glucose transporter), 201
GLUT 5 (glucose transporter), 219
Glutamate, 13, 40, 377,
378t
Glutamate-aspartate antiporter,
248/,
249
Glutamate dehydrogenase, 341-342
Glutamate-oxaloacetate transaminase,
248/,
249
Glutamine, 378
t
in purine base ring system, 31/
synthesis, 342
utilization, 360, 361/
y-Glutamylcysteine synthetase, 371,
371/
Glutathione, 360
in acetaminophen overdose,
366-371, 371/
thiamine deficiency and, 144
Glyceraldehyde, 220, 220/
Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, 135, 143,
220, 220
/
in glycolytic pathway, 246,
246/,
250/
Glycerol 3-phosphate shuttle, 135, 245,
247-248, 247/
Glycine, 31/
378t
Glycogen, 181, 182, 235-236
Glycogen phosphorylase, 181, 182,
182/,
187,
202/,
203/
Glycogen storage disease type III, 187
Glycogen synthase, 181,
182/,
183,
184/,
201,
202/,
203/
Glycogenesis, 181-185,
182/,
235-236, 237/
Glycogenolysis, 181-185,
182/, 184/,
203-204,
203/,
236,
236/,
237/
Glycolysis, 133,
193/,
236, 237/
aerobic, 245
anaerobic, 132-133, 245, 249, 250/
malate-aspartate shuttle and,
244-252, 248
/
Glycolytic pathway, 135-136,
136/,
211,
212/,
245-246, 246/
Glycoproteins, 68
Glycosaminoglycans, 265-269, 266
t
P-Glycosidase, 219
Glycosidic link, 19
Glycosphingolipids, 255, 257
GMP (guanosine monophosphate),
393-395, 394
/
GnRH (gonadotropin-releasing
hormone), 431
Goiter, 409-410
Golgi apparatus, cholesterol synthesis
in, 275
Gonorrhea, 94
Gout, 391-397
Graafian follicle, 431
Graves disease, 66, 67, 410, 411
Growth hormone (somatotropin),
424-428
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