474
INDEX
Edema
in anorexia nervosa, 356
in kwashiorkor, 328
Efavirenz, 50
Effector, 67, 69
Eicosanoids, 295
Electron shuttles, 245, 247-248,
247/ 248/
Electron transport system (ETS), 133,
135
in P-oxidation, 191-192
carbon monoxide poisoning and,
158-160
components, 149-152, 150/
cyanide ion and, 151-152
in malignant hyperthermia, 166, 166/
Electrophoresis, 77, 78
Electrostatic interactions, in protein
structure, 12
Elongation, in protein synthesis, 58,
59/,
86
Elongation factor (EF), 48, 85
Embden-Meyerhof pathway.
See
Glycolytic pathway
Encephalopathy
in acute fatty liver of pregnancy, 181
hepatic, 339-340
Endocytosis, receptor-mediated, 277
Endoglycosidase, 264
Endonucleases, polymerase chain
reaction and, 57, 60, 116
Endoplasmic reticulum, cholesterol
synthesis in, 275
Endosaccharidase, 173
Endosome, 267, 277
Enkephalins, 68
Enolase, 246
/,
250
/
Enterocytes, 360
Env
gene, 50
Envelope proteins, 50
Enzymes, 5.
See also specific enzymes
digestive, 173-174
lysosomal, 264-265, 277
mitochondrial, 133, 341-342
restriction, 57, 60
Epinephrine, 234
in glycogen breakdown, 182,
184/,
185, 238, 239
/
synthesis, 38, 360
Epoxide hydrase, 367
Erythrocytes.
See
Red blood cells
Erythromycin, 84, 88-89, 90/
Erythropoiesis, 113
Erythropoietic porphyria,
404t
Erythrose 4-phosphate, 143
Esophagitis, candida, 46
Essential amino acids, 376-381, 378
t
.
See also
Amino acids
Essential fructosuria, 218, 220
Estradiol, 430, 431
Estrogen(s), 68
in ovarian cycle, 429-433, 432/
synthesis, 314/
Ethidium bromide staining, 78
ETS.
See
Electron transport system
Eukaryotes
protein synthesis and, 87-88, 87
t
structure, 97
Exoglycosidase, 264
Exons, 47, 48
F
Fabry disease, 259t
Facilitative diffusion, glucose
transporters and, 219
FAD (flavine adenine dinucleotide),
142,
142/,
150
in fatty acid oxidation, 332
in glycerol 3-phosphate shuttle,
247-248, 247
/
in tricarboxylic acid cycle, 133-135,
134/
Familial hypercholesterolemia, 278
Farber disease, 259
t
Fasting state, 329-333, 331-333/
Fatigue
in Addison disease, 435-436, 439
in carbon monoxide poisoning,
157-158
in folic acid deficiency, 36
in HIV infection, 46
in hypothyroidism, 409-410
in megaloblastic anemia, 384
in rhabdomyolysis, 189-190
Fatty acids
acute fatty liver in pregnancy and,
181-185
gluconeogenesis and, 236-237, 237/
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